How Indian Modern Women Are Evolving: Role Of Women In Modern India

The status of Indian women in India has changed so far in terms of politics, economics, society, and in general. Today, Indian women enjoy many more rights in terms of social and legal equality and enjoy greater freedom. Nowadays, Indian women can shoot their voices freely and fearlessly. They can participate more freely in public affairs. But it cannot be denied that they are still harassed, humiliated, discriminated and even exploited. There are some societies in India that still think women should be in the home, behind the curtain. They continue to treat the women as objects. But after all these things now, modern Indian women are evolving. Thanks to the co-education of the Indian girls, now they are participating in every field, showing their talent and proving their worth.

How much progress Indian women have made till today.

Till now, modern Indian women have progressed so much. Thanks to the government’s policies and actions, you can see Indian women participating in every field, from being peons, drivers, teachers, layer, business, scholars, scientists, and even presidents of the country. They are just everywhere, giving competition to the men.

If you compare the time between before 2000, like in the ’80s or ’90s, and after 2000, you can see how much Indian women have changed. In the ’80s or ’90s, women were mainly housewives. Some women were working, but they were doing very limited work, such as being a teacher, a caretaker, a restaurant cook, or an employee in a company, but nowadays, modern Indian women have no boundaries; they are everywhere, participating in every known field and society.No one can deny that they are doing very well in their field, or you can say that they are doing better than men.

Time has passed when Indian women were treated as soft-hearted, delicate women. Now they are as tough as men. And they are proving this by participating in some of the tough work that is mainly done by men, like participating in the Indian defense system, being in the navy, being a pilot, and many more things.

Modern Indian women vs Inequality

Modern Indian women are changing societies and making their own ways to succeed, but they are still facing inequality. Society has changed its view of Indian women, but not completely. Modern Indian girls or women are still facing inequality in many ways. And this inequality is present in terms of health, education, the economy, and politics.

Education is improving in India, but the percentage of Indian girls that are participating in education is lower as compared to men. There is a lower percentage of women in India who have cleared their graduation as compared to men.

Women are speaking out and raising their voices in public, but the percentage of women doing so is very low. Some Indian women face fear and harassment due to their society, family, and position in society. Women should encourage other women to step outside their comfort zone and speak up fearlessly and confidently.

In some job sectors, women also face inequality in salaries. They are getting low salaries as compared to men for doing the same work. But things are changing very rapidly, but they still exist and some women are facing them.

Modern Indian women and girls are still vulnerable. They are still facing harassment and violence in public as well as at home. But laws and orders are taking action against it.

Laws made in support of Indian Modern women

The Indian government is taking major action to improve the lives of Indian women and girls. Some laws by the government are helping modern Indian women become strong and fearless. Some of the laws are:

Right to equally pay

Under the Equal Remuneration Act, one cannot be discriminated against on the basis of their sex when it comes to their salary, pay, or wages.

Working women have the right to take an equal salary as compared to male co-workers.

Right to dignity and decency

In any event, if the accused is a woman, then any medical examination procedure on her must be performed or should be performed in the presence of another woman.

Rights against workplace harassment

Any kind of sexual harassment of women at their workplace is punishable. The workplace Act gives an Indian woman the right to file a complaint against any kind of sexual harassment at her workplace.

Under this act, women can submit a written complaint to an Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) at a branch office within a period of 3 months.

Right against domestic violence

Section 498 of the Indian Constitution protects a wife, female live-in partner, or women living in a household like a single mother or sister from domestic violence (including verbal, economic, emotional, and sexual) by their husband, male live-in partner, or relatives.

The accused will be punished with non-bailable imprisonment for a term that may extend to three years and may also be liable for a fine.

Women have the right not to be arrested at night

Unless it is an exceptional case on the orders of the first-class magistrate, Indian women or girls cannot be arrested after sunset and before sunrise.

The law also states that police can interrogate a woman at her residence only in the presence of a female constable and family members or friends.

Women activists that are promoting the evolution of Indian modern women

Some of the Indian women who are making a complete effort to change the lives of Indian women and girls

Aranya Johar — She is an Indian poet also known for actively raising her voice against misogyny, body shaming, and stigma around mental health. She is the youngest member of the G7’s Gender Equality Advisory Council.

Kamla Bhasin — She is a famous scientist who works on causes and issues related to education, the media, and gender. She has been doing this for the last 35 years. She is currently a part of SANGAT, a South Asian Feminist Network, as an advisor.

Aruna Roy — Aruna is a 74-year-old activist who plays a significant role in making the Right to Information Act see the light of day. She has founded the Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS), which works for the upliftment of peasants and workers in India.

Medha Patkar — She is the founding member of the famous Narmada Bachao Andolan, which is aimed at the conservation of the river Narmada. Her work is for the upliftment of tribals, farmers, Dalits, laborers, and women facing injustice in India.

Modern Indian women are still evolving

Modern Indian women and girls are doing great by breaking their boundaries. But they are not doing this with their full effort. Somehow, her society, families, and relatives still get in their way. She still has to face society and families. Modern women have changed their minds, but the societies they are living in, have not changed that much. Women are still facing the dogma of culture in their societies. Indian women still have to learn from their ideas and bring some confidence to face the boundaries.

Thanks to the Internet, women can now participate from anywhere in the world and do anything they want. The Internet and technology are giving women the freedom to say or do anything.

What modern Indian women still need to do

To grow in the 21st century, Indian women should learn to use different technologies because, to some extent, technologies are giving freedom to do anything. Through the use of the internet, one can do or participate in anything from the comfort of their own home. One can connect to others who are far away from him.

Modern Indian women should help other underprivileged women grow in their lives. Women should help others grow in their careers.

Indian women should know their rights. The Indian government has made some laws that are in favor of the safety and privacy of women. Indian girls and women should definitely know the law.

Modern Indian women and their future

The future ahead is very favorable for women. Because societies are changing their expectations of women. People are accepting women as more than housewives. The Indian government is continuously working on the betterment of Indian girls and women. Nowadays, many NGOs and activists are working for a better future for Indian women.

Societies are accepting equality between men and women. Due to this, Indian women are getting more chances to evolve and grow in their careers.

Some communities, businesses, and policies are made just for women in our society.

This seems like the condition is in our favor as Indian women. And this will definitely help modern Indian women, especially housewives, grow in their careers.


Indian modern women are evolving. They are stepping out of their homes and starting to contribute to society. They are showing their skills in every field from top to bottom, from labor, and drivers, to becoming businesswomen, the army, pilots, scientists, astronauts, and presidents. But there are still many women who have not stepped out of their homes. because of some limitations imposed by their society, families, and friends need to encourage them to step out of their homes and speak in front of the public. The government is doing its best to encourage Indian women to evolve and contribute to society by giving them free education, health services, and special treatment under the law.

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He works as a freelance content writer and writes mostly about the latest technology, lifestyle, and personal development. reach him at

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Anshu Kumar

Anshu Kumar

He works as a freelance content writer and writes mostly about the latest technology, lifestyle, and personal development. reach him at

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